To make a basic roux start by measuring, by weight, the amounts of fat and flour desired. It’s a one to one ratio (e. g. 4 ounces of fat and 4 ounces of flour equal 8 ounces of roux). Butter is the most commonly used form of fat.
- 4 ounces butter or 4 ounces other fat
- 4 ounces flour
- Melt the butter over medium heat, careful not to start browning it, then slowly add the flour to the butter, whisking constantly.
- Within 2 to 3 minutes the roux will have a consistency of a cake frosting.
- Both fat and flour have various levels of moisture content and the possible choices of fat and flour that can be used are many.
- For example, butter contains a small amount of water.
- However, bacon fat, which has been perfectly rendered, contains no water.
- Within these variables there are varying levels of consistencies.
- If your roux is too thin, add a small amount of flour.
- If it is too thick, add a small amount of fat to thin it out.
- When cooking with a roux, be sure to add only cool liquids or ingredients to a hot roux, or vice versa.
- As you incorporate the liquid into your roux, be sure to whisk frequently and add the ingredients slowly.
- Then heat the entire mixture until it comes to a simmer.
- This process will keep the roux from creating lumps.
- Once all of the liquid has been added to the roux, cook the sauce or soup for at least 20 minutes, otherwise your finished product may have a granular or gummy texture.
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